Dr. Emilio López-Vidriero is a super-specialist in sports traumatology at the University of Ottawa, Canada. In this section you can consult the different foot injuries and their treatments, both conservative and surgical.


The foot is the most complex structure of the body. It has 26 bones, 33 joints, and more than 100 muscles, ligaments and tendons in order to be able to adapt to different types of terrain and activities. You can get injured in any sport especially those that are repetitively supportive such as running, hiking and dancing. Ideally, the lesion should be diagnosed as soon as possible so that it can be treated without surgery. Templates are often very well designed. If necessary, performing surgery tailored to the sport and the athlete is crucial to success.

My floor hurts and behind my foot: what can it be?

  • Plantar fasciitis with or without calcaneal spur. With or without Achilles retraction.

  • Baxter neuropathy.

  • Talalgia: heel pain. Atrophy of the fat pad.
    Posterior tibial nerve neuropathy: may be associated with tingling.

  • Tarsal coalition: fusion of two bones that should be separated. Associated with lack of mobility.

  • Flat foot with valgus hind foot.

  • Shrinkage of the calves, the soleus or the Achilles.

  • Sciatic syndrome: lumbar disc herniation with sciatic impingement.

My front foot hurts: what can it be?

  • Morton’s neuroma: it can be associated with tingling in the toes.

  • Transfer metatarsalgia: the plant of the second toe is supported before and it hurts.

  • Rigid hallux: the big toe has limited upwards mobility.

  • Bunion or hallux valgus: the big toe is deviated and rubs against footwear.

  • Lisfranc sprain: the ligament that joins the first wedge to the second toe.

  • Stress fractures: Jones fracture or base of the fifth metatarsal. From the head of the second metatarsal.

My toes fall asleep: what can it be?

  • Morton’s neuroma.

  • Posterior tibial neuropathy: tarsal tunnel syndrome.

  • Interosseous neuropathy.

  • Sciatic syndrome with paraesthesia due to lumbar disc herniation.

  • Vascular alterations.

Professionalism and honesty

Our commitment is to make our extensive experience and professionalism available to all our patients, offering personalized attention to achieve a complete recovery which, depending on each injury, allows our patients to return to their activities in the shortest possible amount of time.

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