Dr. Emilio López-Vidriero is a super-specialist in sports traumatology at the University of Ottawa, Canada. In this section you can consult the different ankle injuries and their treatments, both conservative and surgical.


The ankle is the joint that directs movement from the knee to the foot. It requires a high level of stability and mobility. It is the most damaged in sports that suffer major changes of direction and landings such as football, tennis, badminton, race etc … usually heals without surgery if treated properly. Ideally, the lesion should be diagnosed as soon as possible so that it can be treated without surgery. If necessary, performing surgery tailored to the sport and the athlete is crucial to success.

My front ankle hurts: what can it be?

  • Sprained ankle: acute or chronic, in the external or internal ligaments.

  • Syndesmosis injury: higher ligaments between tibia and fibula.

  • Impingement or pinching: synovial or bone. It also limits mobility.

  • Cartilage lesion: of the talus or tibia.

  • Osteochondritis dissecans, chondral ulcer.

  • Intra articular free bodies: of cartilage or bone. Generates blockages.

  • Tendon injuries: tibialis anterior, extensor.

  • Increased joint fluid: trauma, villonodular synovitis, rheumatic diseases.

  • Osteoarthritis: cartilage wear.

My back ankle hurts: what can it be?

  • Achilles tendon: injury, partial or complete rupture, especially in shortened calves.

  • Peroneal tendons: especially in supine goat feet.

  • Posterior tibial tendon: especially in pronounces valgus flat feet.

  • Tarsus tunnel syndrome: may be accompanied by tingling.

  • Osteoarthritis: wear of the talus cartilage with the tibia (pain above) or with the calcaneus (pain below).

  • Os trigonum: in athletes who need to stand on tiptoe, such as ballerinas or footballers.

My ankle fails: what can it be?

  • Due to ligament injury: sprains of the peroneal-astragaline ligament, deltoid, syndesmosis.

  • Due to pain: lesions in cartilage, free bodies, synovitis, impingement.

  • Due to lack of tendon function: Achilles, perineum, posterior tibial, calves.

Professionalism and honesty

Our commitment is to make our extensive experience and professionalism available to all our patients, offering personalized attention to achieve a complete recovery which, depending on each injury, allows our patients to return to their activities in the shortest possible amount of time.

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